What scientific data supports trans-humanism and cyborgs?
Trans-humanism is a philosophy that encourages us not to limit human advancement. The trans-humanist movement wants to enhance human nature to the best of its ability. The main concept behind this idea is wanting to control the evolution of humans. The scientific idea that humans could be genetically stronger and more successful urges the ideas of trans-humanism and cyborgs into creating a "better" human.
Are trans-humanism and cyborgs apart of nature? And if so, how?
Each day, humans are constantly at battle with "natural forces," such as death, illness and aging. The trans-humanist and cyborg movement believes nature should be fought and overcome since it is uncontrollable. This idea's goal is to overcome all set backs nature inflicts upon humans to make an ideal humanity; however, one set back of the research is they need to understand human nature before they are able to control humans. Trans-humanism and cyborgs go against the ideas of nature and they believe nature is merely an obstacle of human advancement.
How does trans-humanism argue with the idea of evolution?
Those who support the idea of trans-humanism believe evolution is only stopping true human advancement. As humans evolve, although technology and other advancements could eventually stop these natural processes, they believe death, illness, disease and many other aspects will eventually cause the demise of humans. They believe in altering evolution to adhere it to the way they believe humans should evolve (i.e. becoming more althetic, intelligent). Those who are opposed to the trans-humanist movement believe the natural evolution of humans will result in the "ideal" human. The trans-humanist movement not only argues the idea of trans-humanism, but the idea of evolution and whether it should be a natural process or human altered process.
Which of Peter Coate's ideas of nature (if any) do these topics relate to?
These ideas strongly relate to Coate's fifth idea of nature: culture as the opposite of nature. In this idea, he dives into how culture is constantly at battle with nature because of their conflicting concepts, and if humans had the desire to be separate from nature, culture would be the way to do it. This idea reflects the desire to overcome human's past (barbaric) selves and to evolve them into something uncontrollable by natural forces.
Service, R. F. (2013). The cyborg era begins. 340(6137), 1162-1165. Retrieved fromhttp://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6137/1162.summary
Hauskeller, M. (2009). Transhumanist arguments from (human) nature. Unpublished raw data, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://www.ethical-perspectives.be/viewpic.php?LAN=E&TABLE=EP&ID=1165
Facing the challenges of transhumanism. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://transhumanism.asu.edu